Sleeping

Ask parents about the child's bedtime routine, no matter what age the child is. What does the child do before going to sleep at naps and at night time? Follow the usual sleeping routine so that the child feels more secure and can sleep easier.

Infants

Younger infants generally sleep when they are tired. Some infants have difficulty relaxing and settling to sleep. Some infants get "over-tired" and then have trouble sleeping. It is really important to get to know the infant by asking a lot of questions and watching carefully to see what helps the infant calm down.

Older infants usually have a "routine" – something that the parent does each time the child is put to sleep. Ask the parent first, and then try other calming techniques to help the infant go to sleep:

It is not always easy to put an infant to sleep. Do not be surprised if it takes a great deal of time.

Toddlers

Preschoolers

School-Age Children