June/July 2010

Medication Update

Insulin is classified based on how quickly it takes effect. There are fourcategories:

Rapid acting should be taken just before or just after eating. It begins to lower blood glucose in less than 15 minutes.

Short acting should be taken 30 minutes before a meal. It begins to lower blood glucose within 30 minutes to 1 hour.

Intermediate acting has an effect for 14-20 hours, depending on the type, so it is typically only taken once per day.

Long acting has an effect for 20-30 hours, depending on the type, so it is only taken once per day.

Insulin can be packaged in vials, pens/cartridges, or inhaled.

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