Research and Resources
If you are looking for basic information about which pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are found in the environment and how they get there, check out Why We Care and the Sea Grant resources listed below. If you need more in-depth information, then we encourage you to go to the resources listed below.
IISG has sponsored several projects that dealt with pharmaceuticals in the environment.
- Estimating the ecological impacts of pharmaceutical in Lake Michigan
Principal investigator: Maria Sepulveda
Completion: April 2013
- Pharmaceuticals removal from onsite wastewater (septic) systems
Principal Investigator: Dr. Hassian Azam
Completion Date: August 2011
- Glassmeyer, S.T., E.K. Hinchey, S.E. Boehme, C.G. Daughton, I.S. Ruhoy, O. Conerly, R.L. Daniels, L. Lauer, M. McCarthy, T.G. Nettesheim, K. Sykes, and V.G. Thompson. 2009. Disposal practices for unwanted residential medications in the United States. Environment International. Vol. 35 Issue 3, p566-572.
Sea Grant Resources
The Medicine Chest: A Collection of Safe Disposal Curriculum Activities and Service-Learning Resources
This collection of lessons teaches middle and high school students about how medicine can contaminate local waters. Sample stewardship activities provide them with the tools to share what they've learned with others in their community.
Microbeads in the Great Lakes
Plastic microbeads used in some facial scrubs and other personal care products are finding their way to the Great Lakes. Learn what you can do to reduce the amount of plastic. This factsheet was developed by New York Sea Grant.
Sea Grant staff have also developed multiple PowerPoint presentations to educate various audiences about the need for proper medicine disposal. All files are provided in pdf format, but the PowerPoint slides may be available from the authors. Please use these resources to help educate others on this topic or contact the authors to see if they can speak at one of your upcoming conferences.